Curtis Noonan, Associate Professor of Epidemiology, received his Ph.D. in Environmental Health with a specialization in Epidemiology from Colorado State University in 2000. He is also a graduate of the University of California at Berkeley (B.A., 1989) and the George Washington University (M.A., 1995). After receiving his Ph.D., Curtis worked as an epidemiologist at the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry in Atlanta. In 2004, he was hired in the College of Health Professions and Biomedical Sciences.
Dr. Noonan’s laboratory is focused on the human health effects of exposures to environmental agents. His current research includes the investigation of the impact of biomass smoke exposure on the respiratory health of susceptible human populations. One of his studies was the first randomized trial in the US to utilize a woodstove intervention to assess the impact of the consequent reductions in indoor particulate matter on health outcomes in a susceptible population. In addition to clinically-relevant health outcomes measures among asthmatic children, his laboratory investigates sub-clinical biomarkers of respiratory inflammation and oxidative stress. His current NIH-funded studies are testing household interventions to improve indoor air quality. These studies include partnerships with several Native American communities and are focused on reduce the incidence of lower respiratory tract infection among children and improving respiratory and cardiovascular health measures among elderly populations. The results of these and similar studies will be translatable to other regions in the US and the world where biomass burning is commonly used for heating and cooking and is a large contributor to global burden of disease.
Burch JB, Reif JS, Noonan CW, Yost MG. Melatonin metabolite levels in workers exposed to 60 Hz magnetic fields: work in substations and with 3-phase conductors. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2000;42:136-142.
Burch JB, Reif JS, Noonan CW, Ichinose T, Yost MG. Melatonin metabolite excretion among cellular telephone users. International Journal of Radiation Biology 2002;78:1029-1036.
Noonan CW, Kathman SJ, White MC. Prevalence estimates for MS in the United States and evidence of an increasing trend for women. Neurology 2002;58:136-8.
Noonan CW, Reif JS, Burch JM, Ichinose T, Yost M, Magnusson K. Relationship between amyloid beta protein and melatonin metabolite in a study of electric utility workers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2002;44:769-775.
Noonan CW, Reif JS, Yost M, Touchstone J. Occupational exposure to magnetic fields in case-referent studies of neurodegenerative diseases. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health 2002;28(1);42-48.
Noonan CW, Sarasua SM, Campagna D, Kathman SJ, Lybarger JA, Mueller PW. Effects of exposure to low levels of environmental cadmium on renal biomarkers. Environmental Health Perspectives 2002;110:151-5.
Noonan CW, Kathman SJ, Sarasua SM, White MC. Influence of zinc on environmental and biological measures of lead and cadmium in children. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology 2003;13:318-323.
Pealer LN, Marfin AA, Peterson LR, et al. (Noonan CW, member of the team authorship). Transmission of West Nile Virus through blood transfusion in the United States in 2002. New England Journal of Medicine 2003;349:1236-45.
Ichinose TY, Burch JB, Noonan CW, Yost MG, Keefe TJ, Bachand A, Mandeville R, Reif JS. Immune markers and ornithine decarboxylase activity among electric utility workers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2004;46:104-12.
White MC, Berger-Frank S, Campagna D, Inserra SG, Middleton D, Millette MD, Noonan CW, Peipins LA, Williamson D. Communicating results to community residents: Lessons from recent ATSDR health investigations. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology 2004;14:484-491.
Noonan CW, White MC, Thurman D, Wong L-Y. Temporal and geographic variation in United States motor neuron disease mortality, 1969–1998. Neurology 2005;64:1215-1221.
Schumpert JC, Noonan CW, Sylvester J, et al. Patterns of Asthma Symptoms and Perceptions of Harm from Seasonal Atmospheric Events in Rural Western Montana. Int J Occup Environ Health. 2006;12(1):52-58.
Noonan CW, Pfau JC, Larson TC, Spence MR. Nested Case-Control Study of Autoimmune Disease in an Asbestos-Exposed Population. Environ Health Perspect 2006;114:1243-47.
Ward TJ, Spear T, Hart J, Noonan CW, Holian A, Getman M, Webber JS. Trees as reservoirs for amphibole fibers in Libby, Montana. Sci Total Environ. 2006;367:460-65.
Noonan CW. Exposure matrix development for the Libby cohort. Inhal Tox 2006;18:965-70.
Ward TJ, Noonan CW, Hooper K. Results of an indoor size fractionated PM school sampling program in Libby, MT. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 2007;130:163-71.
Brown B, Noonan CW, Nord M. Prevalence of food insecurity and health associated outcomes and food characteristics of Northern Plains Indian households. Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition 2007;1:37-44.
Dent L, Harris K, Noonan CW. Tobacco Interventions Delivered by Pharmacists: A Systematic Review. Pharmacotherapy 2007;27:1040-51.
Noonan CW, Ward TJ. Environmental tobacco smoke, woodstove heating and risk of asthma symptoms. Journal of Asthma 2007;44:735-738.
Jones D, Ward T, Vanek D, Marra N, Noonan CW, Smith G, Adams E. Air Toxics Under The Big Sky – A High School Science Teaching Tool. Science Education & Civic Engagement: An International Journal 2007;1(2):51-55.
Bergauff M, Ward T, Noonan CW, Palmer C. Determination and evaluation of selected organic chemical tracers for wood smoke in airbourne particulate matter. Int J Environ Anal Chem 2008;88:473-486.
Ward TJ, Palmer C, Bergauff M, Hooper K, Noonan CW. Results of a Residential Indoor PM2.5 Sampling Program Before and After a Woodstove Changeout. Indoor Air 2008;18:408–415. PMID: 18665872
Migliaccio CT, Berghauff MA, Palmer CP, Jessop F, Noonan CW, Ward TJ. Urinary Levoglucosan as a Biomarker of Woodsmoke Exposure: Observations in a Mouse Model and in Children. Environ Health Perspect 2009;117:74–79. PMCID: PMC2627869
Wells SM, Noonan CW, Wells KM, Holian A, Wibbenmeyer LA. Effects of Toxic Gases: Methamphetamine Inhalation. Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation 2009;30:152-4. PMID: 19060736
Dent L, Harris K, Noonan C. Randomized Trial Assessing the Effectiveness of a Pharmacist-Delivered Program for Smoking Cessation. Annals of Pharmacotherapy 2009;43:194-201. PMID: 19193572
Bergauff M, Ward TJ, Noonan CW, Palmer CP. The Effect of a Woodstove Changeout on Ambient Levels of PM2.5 and Chemical Tracers for Woodsmoke in Libby, Montana. Atmospheric Environment 2009;43:2938-2943. PMCID: PMC2627869.
Holian A, Stock A, Migliaccio C, Noonan C, and Ward T. Conference Summary: International Biomass Smoke Health Effects (IBSHE), Inhalation Toxicology, Inhal Toxicol. 2010 Feb;22(2):91-3. PMID: 20044882
Ward TJ, Palmer CP, Houck JE, Navidi WC, Geinitz S, Noonan CW. A Community Woodstove Changeout and Impact on Ambient Concentrations of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Phenolics. Environmental Science & Technology 2009 Environ Sci Technol. 2009 Jul 15;43(14):5345-50. PMCID: PMC2735050
Noonan CW, Balmes J. Biomass Smoke Exposures: Health Outcomes and Study Design. Inhal Toxicol. 2010 Feb;22(2):108-12. PMID: 20044883
Bergauff MA, Ward TJ, Noonan CW, Migliaccio CT, Simpson CD, Evanoski1 AR, Palmer CP. Urinary Levoglucosan as a Biomarker for Wood Smoke: Results of Human Exposure Studies. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 2010;20:385-92. PMCID: PMC2874078
Crispen KL, Gillespie DN, Weiler EC, Noonan CW, Hamilton RF, Ward TJ. A comparison of 1978 and 2006 peak pollen seasons and sampling methods in Missoula, Montana. Grana 2010;49:128-133. PMCID: PMC2998282
Noonan CW, Williamson DM, Henry JP, Indian R, Lynch SG, Neuberger JS, Schiffer R, Trottier J, Wagner L, Marrie RA. The prevalence of multiple sclerosis in three U.S. communities. Preventing Chronic Disease 2010;7(1):1-8 [http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2010/jan/08_0241.htm]. PMCID: PMC2811507
Ward TJ, Noonan CW, Palmer, CP. Fine particulate matter source apportionment following a large woodstove changeout program in Libby, Montana. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2010;60:688-693. PMID: 20564994.
Noonan CW, Brown BD, Bentley B, Conway K, Corcoran M, FourStar K, Freide P, Hemlock B, Wagner S, Wilson T. Variability in childhood asthma and body mass index across Northern Plains American Indian communities. Journal of Asthma 2010;47:496-500. PMID: 20560824
Dent L, Harris K, Noonan CW. Tobacco Treatment Practices of Pharmacists in Montana. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association 2010;50:575–579. PMID: 20833614
Brown B, Noonan CW, Bentley B, Conway K, Corcoran M, FourStar K, Gress S and Wagner S. Acanthosis Nigricans among Northern Plains American Indian children. Journal of School Nursing 2010;26:450-60. PMID: 20595701
Brown B, Harris KJ, Wilson T, Parker M, Ricci C, Noonan C. Translating the Diabetes Prevention Program for Northern Plains Indian Youth through Community-Based Participatory Research Methods. Diabetes Educator 2010;36:924-935. PMCID: PMC3285486.
Giles LV, Barn P, Kuenzli N, Romieu I, Mittleman MA, van Eeden S, Allen R, Carlsten C, Stieb D, Noonan C, Smargiassi A, Kaufman JD, Hajat S, Kosatsky T, Brauer M. From Good Intentions to Proven Interventions: Effectiveness of Actions to Reduce the Health Impacts of Air Pollution. Environ Health Perspect 2011;119:29-36. PMCID: PMC3018496
Noonan CW, Ward TJ, Navidi W, Sheppard L, Bergauff M, Palmer C. Assessing the impact of a wood stove replacement program on air quality and children's health. Res Rep Health Eff Inst 2011;162:3-37.
Ward T, Boulafentis J, Julie Simpson J, Hester C, Moliga T, Warden K, Noonan C. Lessons Learned from a Woodstove Changeout on the Nez Perce Reservation. Sci Total Environ 2011;409:664-70. PMID: 21144555
McNamara ML, Noonan CW, Ward TJ. Correction factor for continuous monitoring of wood smoke fine particulate matter. Aerosol and Air Quality Research 2011;11:315-322. NIHMSID: 344195
Ricci C, Brown B, Noonan C, Harris KJ, Dybdal L, Parker M, Gress S. Parental influence on obesity in Northern Plains American Indian youth. Fam Community Health 2012;35:68-75.
Ward TJ, Palmer CP, Bergauff M, Jayanty RKM, Noonan CW. Organic/Elemental Carbon And Woodsmoke Tracer Concentrations Following A Community Wide Woodstove Changeout Program. Atmospheric Environment 2011;45:5554-5560.
McNamara ML, Semmens EO, Gaskill S, Palmer C, Noonan CW, Ward T. Base Camp Personnel Exposure to Particulate Matter During Wildland Fire Suppression Activities. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Hygiene 2012;9:149-56.
Noonan CW, Ward TJ, Navidi W, Sheppard L. A rural community intervention targeting biomass combustion sources: effects on air quality and reporting of children’s respiratory outcomes. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2012;69:354-360.
Noonan CW, Navidi W, Sheppard L, Palmer CP, Bergauff M, Hooper K, Ward TJ. Residential indoor PM2.5 in wood stove homes: follow-up of the Libby changeout program. Indoor Air 2012;22:492-500. PMCID: PMC3445774.
Noonan CW and Ward TJ. Asthma randomized trial of indoor wood smoke (ARTIS): Rationale and Methods. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2012;33:1080-87. PMCID: PMC3408844.
Brown B, Noonan CW, Harris KJ, Parker M, Wilson T, Gaskill S, Ricci C, Cobbs G, Gress S, Top Sky W. Developing and Piloting the Journey to Native Youth Health Program in Northern Plains Indian Communities. Diabetes Educator 2013;39:109-18.
McNamara ML, Thornburg J, Semmens EO, Ward TJ, Noonan CW. Coarse particulate matter and airborne endotoxin within wood stove homes. Indoor Air 2013. doi: 10.1111/ina.12043.
Ward TJ, Palmer CP, Hooper K, Bergauff M, Noonan CW. The Impact of a community-wide woodstove changeout intervention on air quality within two schools. Atmospheric Pollution Research 2013;4:238-244.
Ware D, Lewis J, Hopkins S, Boyer B, Noonan C, Ward T. Sources and Perceptions of Indoor and Ambient Air Pollution in Rural Alaska. Journal of Community Health 2013;38:773-780. NIHMSID: 459553.
Glow SD, Colucci VJ, Allington DR, Noonan CW, Hall EC. Managing Multiple Casualty Incidents: A Rural Medical Preparedness Training Assessment. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 2013; 28:334-41.
Noonan CW, Conway K, Landguth EL, McNew T, Linker L, Pfau J, Black B, Szeinuk J, Flores R. Multiple pathway asbestos exposure assessment for a Superfund community. Journal Of Exposure Science And Environmental Epidemiology 23 April 2014; doi:10.1038/jes.2014.25.
Ware D, Lewis J, Hopkins S, Boyer B, Montrose L, Noonan C, Semmens E, Ward T. Household reporting of childhood respiratory health and air pollution in rural Alaska Native communities. Journal of Circumpolar Health 2014 (In Press).
Pfau JC, Serve K, Noonan C. Autoimmunity and Asbestos Exposure. Autoimmune Diseases 2014 (In Press).
Montrose L, Noonan C, Cho YH, Lee J, Harley J, O’Hara T, Cahill C, Ward T. Evaluating the effect of ambient particulate pollution on DNA methylation in Alaskan sled dogs: Potential applications for a sentinel model of human health. Science for the Total Environmental 2014 (In Press).
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